Altai is geographically located in the North-Western slopes of the vast Altai-Sayan mountain country and the South-Eastern edge of the West Siberian plain. Is the subject of the Russian Federation and is located in the Siberian Federal district, on the South-East of Western Siberia. The administrative center of the Altai region is Barnaul. In the composition of the Altai territory 11 cities, 30 urban-type settlements. Established on 28 September 1937.
It shares borders with Kazakhstan, Novosibirsk, Kemerovo areas, Altai Republic. On the territory of Krasnoyarsk Krai steppe and low-mountain natural areas: Kulunda steppe, Rudny Altai, Ob plateau, foothills of Altai.
Since a large part of the territory of the Altai territory lies on the plain, and is characterized by small absolute height: 79 m (lake Bolshoye yarovoye) in the Western part of the Kulunda plain to 300-320 m in the South-East of the Priobskoye plateau. In the extreme South of Altai region came close to the middle Mountains (the highest point — Royal white, 2298 m).
The climate of the Altai region has pronounced continental features: cold, long, snowy winters and short, warm, sometimes hot summer.
In the Altai territory a lot of different rivers, from small streams to the largest rivers in Siberia. The main river of the region — flowing Ob river (within region -493 km), which is formed by the confluence of Biya and Katun, 20 km southwest of Biysk.
On the plains of the Altai territory a lot of lakes (more than 5000), 60% of them fresh, the other salty and bitter-salty. Twenty-five large lakes with an area over 10 km2. The biggest lake in the territory of the Kulunda, its area is 728 km?.
In the Altai region has many mineral springs, there are over two thousand. Radon is well known for its thermal waters, balneological resort Belokurikha.
The main wealth of Altai Krai land resources, they consist of arable land (6888367 ha), perennial planting (9600 ha), hayfields and pastures (3917305 hectares) fallow land (hectares 58537). Under cultivation, 41.2% of the land territory.
The forest resources in the region is 26% of the total area. Along the rivers Barnaulka, Kasmala, Kulunda, Burle stretch found only in the Altai belt forests pine forests growing on sandy river banks.
In the province grows about 2000 species of vascular plants, representing two thirds of species diversity of Western Siberia. Among them there are representatives of endemic and relict species.
Very rich fauna of the Altai territory. In the region there are 33 wildlife areas. Their total area is 773.1 thousand hectares or less than 5 % of the land. Approved 100 natural monuments, including 54 geological, 31 water, 14 and 1 Botanical complex. Currently identified areas of growth of plants and habitats of animals belonging to rare or under threat of extinction that do not have the status of specially protected territories.
Altai Krai is one of the main mining regions of Russia. The first primitive design copper ore (Chud mines) began here more than 2.5 thousand years ago. In 1719 – 1721. Russian prospectors in the upper Charysha Alley and discovered deposits of copper ore, the development of which is associated with the name of the Ural breeder A. N. Demidova.
The population of the Altai region is estimated at 2 491 627 people (census 2010), is a 20-th place in population among the subjects of the Russian Federation and in some 1.8% of the population of Russia.
In the Altai territory more than 100 nationalities live: 92 % of the population are Russians, the next biggest — the Germans (3,05 %), Ukrainians (2 %); all others — 3 %.
There are a lot of religious communities. The largest Orthodox. There are also Catholic and Lutheran communities, runs a mosque and a library with books in Arabic and Russian, acts the Jewish community. The Buddhist traditional Sangha of Russia "AK-Burkan".
The head of the Executive authorities of the Altai territory is the head of the regional administration (the Governor). Administration — the Executive body, the legal successor of the regional Executive Committee. A representative legislative body is the Altai regional Legislative Assembly.
Industry in the Altai region the leading place is occupied by engineering, Metalworking, light and food industries. In the region of more than 2 thousand enterprises, of which about 400 large and medium. This is a promising sector of the economy, such as tourism.
The province is located In the resort of Federal value Belokurikha, develop tourist-recreational zone "Biryuzovaya Katun" and "Sibirskaya Moneta". Other popular destinations in the region — salt lake in the West of the region (village, Zavyalovsky district), foothill areas of Altai (Altai, Kuryinsky, Zmeinogorsky).
At the edge of a developed network of Railways. Their total length -1803 miles, and 866 km— railway tracks of industrial enterprises. Most major railway stations: Altay, Barnaul, Biysk, Rubtsovsk, Alejskaja. Length of public roads — 15,5 thousand km. All district centers are connected with the Barnaul roads with a firm covering. The territory is crossed by Federal highway M52 "Chuysky trakt".
Passenger transportation serves 78 % of all settlements. Trams and trolleybuses operate in Barnaul, Biysk, rubcovsk. In addition, in the region there are 8 of 47 bus stations and passenger autostations.
Barnaul airport provides air connections with 30 cities of other regions of the country and abroad. There is also an airport in the city of Biysk.
The total length of navigable waterways — about 650 km for Navigation on the rivers Ob, Biya, Katun, Chumysh, Chryso. Rivers has established the Marina and river stations.
In 2010, higher education in the Altai region give 12 state universities, as well as several branches and representative offices of universities from other cities of the country.
Most theatres is located in Barnaul. In Biysk works founded in 1943, City drama theatre.
Taken from www.tdtd.ru